Bohol Province, Visayas, Philippines
Bohol is a province in the Central Visayas Region of the Philippines.(Region VII)
The most famous area of Bohol are the Chocolate Hills. These are a geological formation of around 1,500 small hills that turn from green to brown during the dry season, hence the name Chocolate Hills.
Cities of Bohol Province.
Tagbilaran City (1st District) is the Component city of Bohol.
Municipalities of Bohol Province.
Alicia (3rd District)
Anda (3rd District)
Antequera (1st District)
Baclayon (1st District)
Balilihan (1st District)
Batuan (3rd District)
Bien Unido (2nd District)
Bilar (3rd District)
Buenavista (2nd District)
Calape (1st District)
Candijay (3rd District)
Carmen (3rd District)
Catigbian (1st District)
Clarin (2nd District)
Corella (1st District)
Cortes (1st District)
Dagohoy (2nd District)
Danao (2nd District)
Dauis (1st District)
Dimiao (3rd District)
Duero (3rd District)
Garcia Hernandez (3rd District)
Getafe (2nd District)
Guindulman (3rd District)
Inabanga (2nd District)
Jagna (3rd District)
Lila (3rd District)
Loay (3rd District)
Loboc (3rd District)
Loon (1st District)
Mabini (3rd District)
Maribojoc (1st District)
Panglao (1st District)
Pilar (3rd District)
Pres. Carlos P. Garcia (2nd District)
Sagbayan (2nd District)
San Isidro (2nd District)
San Miguel (2nd District)
Sikatuna (1st District)
Talibon (2nd District)
Trinidad (2nd District)
Tubigon (1st District)
Ubay (2nd District)
Airports in Bohol Province.
- Bohol-Panglao International Airport became the sole commercial airport for the province of Bohol from November 28, 2018.
- Tagbilaran Airport closed on November 27, 2018.
Hotels in Bohol Province.
Check HotelsCombined for Holiday Accomodation in Bohol, Visayas
Special Events in Bohol Province.
July: The Sandugo Festival is an annual historical celebration that takes place every year in Tagbilaran City. The festival commemorates the Treaty of Friendship between Datu Sikatuna, a chieftain in Bohol, and the Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi.
Government Website for Bohol Province.
Recent Bohol Posts:
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- Dao Diamond Hotel Restaurant, Bohol
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- Harmony Hotel, Bohol
- Hayahay Resort, Bohol
- Loboc River Resort, Bohol
- Olivia Resort Homes, Bohol
- The Peacock Garden Luxury Resort and Spa, Bohol
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History of Bohol (from wikipedia.org)
The people of Bohol are said to be the descendants of a group of inhabitants who settled in the Philippines called pintados or “tattooed ones”. Boholanos already had a culture of their own as evidenced by artifacts unearthed at Mansasa, Tagbilaran, and in Dauis and Panglao.
In 1667, Father Francisco Combes, in his Historia de Mindanao, mentioned that at one time in their history, the people of the island of Panglao invaded mainland Bohol and subsequently imposing their economic and political dominance in the area. They considered the previous inhabitants of the islands as their slaves by reason of war, as witnessed for example by how Datu Pagbuaya, one of the rulers of Panglao, considered Datu Sikatuna as his vassal and relative. The invasion of mainland Bohol by the people of Panglao ushered the birth of the so-called Bohol “kingdom”, also known as the “Dapitan Kingdom of Bohol”. The Bohol “kingdom” prospered under the reign of the two brother rulers of Panglao – Datu Dailisan and Datu Pagbuaya, with trade links established with neighbouring Southeast Asian countries, particularly with the Sultanate of Ternate. The flourishing of trade in the Bohol “kingdom” is owed to its strategic location along the busy trading channels of Cebu and Butuan. For other countries such as Ternate to gain access to the busy trade ports of the Visayas, they need to first forge diplomatic ties with the Bohol “kingdom”.
Relations between the Sultanate of Ternate and the Bohol soured when the Ternatan sultan learned the sad fate of his emissary and his men who were executed by the two ruling chieftains of Bohol as punishment for abusing one of the concubines. Thus, in 1563, the Ternatans attacked Bohol. Twenty joangas deceitfully posing as traders were sent by the sultan of Ternate to attack Bohol. Caught unaware, the inhabitants of Bohol could not defend themselves against the Ternatan raiders who were also equipped with sophisticated firearms like muskets and arquebuses, which the Boholanos saw for the first time. Such new weaponry were the result of the aid of the Portuguese to the Ternatan raid of Bohol. Many Boholanos lost their lives in this conflict, including that of Pagbuaya’s brother Datu Dailisan. After the retaliatory Ternatan raid against Bohol, Datu Pagbuaya, who was left as the sole reigning chief of the island, decided to abandon mainland Bohol together with the rest of the freemen as they considered Bohol island unfortunate and accursed. They settled in the northern coast of the island of Mindanao, where they established the Dapitan settlement.
Bohol is derived from the word Bo-ho or Bo-ol. The island was the seat of the first international treaty of peace and unity between the native king Datu Sikatuna and Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi on 16 March 1565 through a blood compact alliance known today by many Filipinos as the Sandugo.
Spanish colonial period
The earliest significant contact of the island with Spain occurred in 1565. On 25 March (16 March in the Julian calendar), a Spanish explorer named Miguel López de Legazpi arrived in Bohol seeking spices and gold. After convincing the native chieftains that they were not Portuguese (who raided the islands of Mactan in 1521), Legazpi made a peace pact with Datu Sikatuna. This pact was signified with a blood compact between the two men. This event, called the Sandugo (“one blood”), is celebrated in Bohol every year during the Sandugo Festival. The Sandugo or blood compact is also depicted on Bohol’s provincial flag and the Bohol provincial seal.
Statue commemorating the “Blood Compact” in Tagbilaran
Two significant revolts occurred in Bohol during the Spanish Era. One was the Tamblot Uprising in 1621, led by Tamblot, a babaylan or native priest. The other was the famous Dagohoy Rebellion, considered the longest in Philippine history. This rebellion was led by Francisco Dagohoy, also known as Francisco Sendrijas, from 1744 to 1829.
Politically, Bohol was administered as a residencia of Cebu. It became a separate politico-military province on 22 July 1854 together with Siquijor. A census in 1879 found Bohol with a population of 253,103 distributed among 34 municipalities.
The culture of the Boholanos was influenced by Spain and Mexico during colonization. Many traditional dances, music, dishes and other aspects of the culture have considerable Hispanic influence.
U.S. intervention and occupation
After the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish–American War, the U.S. bought the entire Philippine islands. However, under the newly proclaimed independent government established by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, which was not recognized by the U.S., Bohol was governed as a Gobierno de Canton.
During the resulting Philippine–American War, American troops peacefully took over the island in March 1899. However, in January 1901, Pedro Sanson led 2,000 in rebellion, due to the harsh treatment imparted by these troops and the destruction they caused. General Hughes led a campaign of repression in October 1901, destroying a number of towns, and threatening in December 1901 to burn Tagbilaran if the rebels did not surrender. Pantaleon E. del Rosario then negotiated the rebel surrender.
On 10 March 1917, the Americans made Bohol a separate province under Act 2711 (which also established most of the other Philippine provinces).
Japanese occupation and liberation
Japanese troops landed in Tagbilaran on 17 May 1942. Boholanos struggled in a guerilla resistance against the Japanese forces. Bohol was later liberated by the local guerrillas and the Filipino and American troops who landed on 11 April 1945.
A plaque placed on the port of Tagbilaran commemorating the liberation reads:
One thousand one hundred seventy two officers and men of the 3rd Battalion of the 164th Infantry Regiment of the American Division under the command of Lt. Col. William H. Considine landed at the Tagbilaran Insular Wharf at 7:00 o’clock in the morning of April 11, 1945.
The convoy taking the Filipino and American liberation forces to Bohol consisted of a flotilla of six landing ships (medium), six landing crafts (infantry), two landing crafts (support), and one landing craft (medium-rocket)[clarification needed]. Upon arrival, the reinforced battalion combat team advanced rapidly to the east and northeast with the mission of destroying all hostile forces in Bohol. Motor patrols were immediately dispatched by Col. Considine, Task Force Commander, and combed the area to the north and east, approximately halfway across the island, but no enemies were found during the reconnaissance. Finally, an enemy group of undetermined strength was located to the north of Ginopolan in Valencia, near the Sierra-Bullones boundary.
By 17 April 1945 the Task Force was poised to strike in Ginopolan. The bulk of the Japanese force was destroyed and beaten in the ten days of action. Bohol was officially declared liberated on 25 May 1945 by Major General William H. Arnold, Commander of the Americal Division. About this time, most officers and men of the Bohol Area Command had been processed by units of the Eighth United States Army.
On 31 May 1945, the Bohol Area Command was officially deactivated upon orders of Lt. General Robert L. Eichelberger, Commanding General of the Eighth United States Army, together with the regular and constable troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, Philippine Constabulary, and the Boholano guerrillas.
During the Second Battle of Bohol from March to August 1945, Filipino troops of the 3rd, 8th, 83rd, 85th and 86th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and 8th Constabulary Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary captured and liberated the island province of Bohol and helped the Boholano guerrilla fighters and U.S. liberation forces defeat the Japanese Imperial forces under General Sōsaku Suzuki.
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